Five Card Story: David Hume

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a Five Card Flickr story by Group 4 created Oct 15 2021, 11:14:47 am. Create a new one!

flickr photo credits: (1) krutscjo (2) bionicteaching (3) bionicteaching (4) tuchodi (5) Serenae

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The first picture is about David Hume's philosophy about the SELF. According to him we cannot observe ourselves, or what we are, in a unified way. There is no impression of the “self” that ties our particular impressions together. In other words, we can never be directly aware of ourselves, only of what we are experiencing at any given moment. Although the relations between our ideas, feelings, and so on, may be traced through time by memory, there is no real evidence of any core that connects them.

The second picture is philosophy about ART. David Hume based his idea of “taste” on the premises that evaluating art is a learned skill. Hume acknowledged that individuals have unique preferences, but was confident that “men of taste” would reach a general consensus on what good art is. This “standard of taste” is then universal. This theory is compatible with his general philosophical view that all human knowledge is gleaned through the senses.

The third picture is the Philosophy on GOD Hume further argues that even if we accept that the universe has a design, we cannot know anything about the designer. God could be morally ambiguous, unintelligent, or even mortal. The design argument does not prove the existence of God in the way we conceive him: all knowing, all powerful, and entirely beneficent. The existence of evil, Hume holds, proves that if God exists, God cannot fit these criteria. The presence of evil suggests God is either all-powerful but not completely good or he is well-meaning but unable to destroy evil, and so not all-powerful.

The fourth picture is the Philosophy on Human Beings Hume distinguishes, though somewhat informally, between the human being and the human person. The human being is composed for him of both the body and the mind, whereas the human person is the same as the self, the mind, or the soul. Hume argued against the existence of innate ideas, positing that all human knowledge derives solely from experience.

The last picture is the Philosophy on BEAUTY if others do not share these judgements, Hume says, so be it. If in his view discovering true beauty or deformity is impossible even for a singular observer as an academic exercise, then it is no surprise that Hume would warn against attempts to impose alternative standards of taste and beauty-judgement on those with their own views in the real world. Under such circumstances an intellectual problem becomes a social and political one, particularly insofar as coercion is employed to try to standardize differing judgements of beauty and taste.

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flickr photo credits: (1) krutscjo (2) bionicteaching (3) bionicteaching (4) tuchodi (5) Serenae

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